Go to file
Johannes Frohnmeyer 7d030fad60
ci/woodpecker/push/woodpecker Pipeline was successful Details
Fix build
2023-09-19 20:14:48 +02:00
.mvn Specify Error Prone JVM args with `.mvn/jvm.config` (#2339) 2023-03-07 13:39:05 -08:00
examples/android-proguard-example Adjust ProGuard default rules and shrinking tests (#2420) 2023-07-24 07:34:02 -07:00
gson Fix build 2023-09-19 20:14:48 +02:00
lib moved lib at the top-level to share eclipse styles. 2008-09-01 03:27:34 +00:00
.gitignore Several breaking changes 2022-05-17 21:20:10 +02:00
.woodpecker.yml Set up self-hosted 2022-11-03 15:20:24 +01:00
CHANGELOG.md Rename `master` to `main` everywhere. (#2410) 2023-06-07 11:02:13 -07:00
GsonDesignDocument.md Update GsonDesignDocument.md 2017-03-23 17:58:52 -04:00
LICENSE Add full license text for Apache License 2.0 2015-11-27 16:42:01 -05:00
README.md Merge upstream 2023-09-19 17:22:29 +02:00
ReleaseProcess.md Mention creation of GitHub release in `ReleaseProcess.md` (#2349) 2023-03-21 15:26:57 -07:00
Troubleshooting.md Prevent `TypeToken` from capturing type variables (#2376) 2023-08-14 14:26:05 -07:00
UserGuide.md Remove the comment strings " json is " from the UserGuide.md (#2374) 2023-04-15 11:18:21 -07:00
ci_settings.xml Set up self-hosted 2022-11-03 15:20:24 +01:00
pom.xml Fix build 2023-09-19 20:14:48 +02:00


About this fork

This fork of Gson adds several features which were originally denied due to Gson's maintenance status. Among them are:

  • support for writing comments
  • collections with single entries without array syntax ("single entry" can become a List or array)
  • stricter leniency enforcement from the main Gson class (toJson, fromJson will respect the choice)
  • slightly better error messages
  • skipping empty entries in arrays (["one",, "two",])
  • optionally omitting quotes around entry names like in Json5
  • support for hexadecimal integers

This means the only thing lacking for Json5 support is trailing commas in objects

Please be aware that I also increased the minimum java version to 11 To use this, add the following:

maven {
    url = 'https://maven.frohnmeyer-wds.de/artifacts/'

dependencies {


Gson is a Java library that can be used to convert Java Objects into their JSON representation. It can also be used to convert a JSON string to an equivalent Java object. Gson can work with arbitrary Java objects including pre-existing objects that you do not have source-code of.

There are a few open-source projects that can convert Java objects to JSON. However, most of them require that you place Java annotations in your classes; something that you can not do if you do not have access to the source-code. Most also do not fully support the use of Java Generics. Gson considers both of these as very important design goals.

Gson is currently in maintenance mode; existing bugs will be fixed, but large new features will likely not be added. If you want to add a new feature, please first search for existing GitHub issues, or create a new one to discuss the feature and get feedback.


  • Provide simple toJson() and fromJson() methods to convert Java objects to JSON and vice-versa
  • Allow pre-existing unmodifiable objects to be converted to and from JSON
  • Extensive support of Java Generics
  • Allow custom representations for objects
  • Support arbitrarily complex objects (with deep inheritance hierarchies and extensive use of generic types)



dependencies {
  implementation 'com.google.code.gson:gson:2.10.1'



Gson jar downloads are available from Maven Central.

Build Status


Minimum Java version

  • Gson 2.9.0 and newer: Java 7
  • Gson 2.8.9 and older: Java 6

Despite supporting older Java versions, Gson also provides a JPMS module descriptor (module name com.google.gson) for users of Java 9 or newer.

JPMS dependencies (Java 9+)

These are the optional Java Platform Module System (JPMS) JDK modules which Gson depends on. This only applies when running Java 9 or newer.

  • java.sql (optional since Gson 2.8.9)
    When this module is present, Gson provides default adapters for some SQL date and time classes.

  • jdk.unsupported, respectively class sun.misc.Unsafe (optional)
    When this module is present, Gson can use the Unsafe class to create instances of classes without no-args constructor. However, care should be taken when relying on this. Unsafe is not available in all environments and its usage has some pitfalls, see GsonBuilder.disableJdkUnsafe().

Minimum Android API level

  • Gson 2.11.0 and newer: API level 21
  • Gson 2.10.1 and older: API level 19

Older Gson versions may also support lower API levels, however this has not been verified.


  • API Javadoc: Documentation for the current release
  • User guide: This guide contains examples on how to use Gson in your code
  • Troubleshooting guide: Describes how to solve common issues when using Gson
  • Releases and change log: Latest releases and changes in these versions; for older releases see CHANGELOG.md
  • Design document: This document discusses issues we faced while designing Gson. It also includes a comparison of Gson with other Java libraries that can be used for Json conversion

Please use the 'gson' tag on StackOverflow or the google-gson Google group to discuss Gson or to post questions.


Gson uses Maven to build the project:

mvn clean verify

JDK 11 or newer is required for building, JDK 17 is recommended.


See the contributing guide.
Please perform a quick search to check if there are already existing issues or pull requests related to your contribution.

Keep in mind that Gson is in maintenance mode. If you want to add a new feature, please first search for existing GitHub issues, or create a new one to discuss the feature and get feedback.


Gson is released under the Apache 2.0 license.

Copyright 2008 Google Inc.

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at


Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.


This is not an officially supported Google product.